Challenges and opportunities

Veikko J. Pyhtilä, 2020.

  • Think about the development targets and problems that your industry could and could produce as a commodity!
  • If you are making a career choice, thinking about studying or going into business, you can go through which industries you would choose? Could you change your profession or go to another industry?
  • Think of the benefits and harms for yourself, others, the economy, safety, the environment, health, morals, etc. as you make your choices and produce, sell your goods! It is good and bad and everyone is responsible for their ethical principles and values ​​in their operations.
  • What would be the problems and areas for improvement in your industry?
  • What commodities and ideas you could transfer from one industry to another. What could be sold or bought for another industry?
  • What new industries would you come up with? In what area could you expand your business? Which activities should be abandoned? Which industry will change or be excluded in the future?
  • What kind of cooperation could you have with the actors in your industry, other industries and actors?
  • Wish we could get links to solutions and more in-depth information about products, services, methods, ideas, advice, opinions, etc., under the industries! We can divide industries into their own pages as long as there are enough links to the websites of the industries and operators. We can also place links below the problem areas above.
  • In browsers, you can put the Search Page field, etc. in the menu, or press Ctrl + F to search the page for items with different search terms, or in the smartphone menu, Search Page, etc.

International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities (ISIC)

ISIC Rev. 4 (Source: The ILO Department of Statistics)

A. Agriculture; forestry and fishing

01 – Crop and animal production, hunting and related service activities

02 – Forestry and logging

03 – Fishing and aquaculture

B. Mining and quarrying

05 – Mining of coal and lignite

06 – Extraction of crude petroleum and natural gas

07 – Mining of metal ores

08 – Other mining and quarrying

09 – Mining support service activities

C. Manufacturing

10 – Manufacture of food products

11 – Manufacture of beverages

12 – Manufacture of tobacco products

13 – Manufacture of textiles

14 – Manufacture of wearing apparel

15 – Manufacture of leather and related products

16 – Manufacture of wood and of products of wood and cork, except furniture; manufacture of articles of straw and plaiting materials

17 – Manufacture of paper and paper products

18 – Printing and reproduction of recorded media

19 – Manufacture of coke and refined petroleum products

20 – Manufacture of chemicals and chemical products

21 – Manufacture of pharmaceuticals, medicinal chemical and botanical products

22 – Manufacture of rubber and plastics products

23 – Manufacture of other non-metallic mineral products

24 – Manufacture of basic metals

25 – Manufacture of fabricated metal products, except machinery and equipment

26 – Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products

27 – Manufacture of electrical equipment

28 – Manufacture of machinery and equipment n.e.c.

29 – Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers

30 – Manufacture of other transport equipment

31 – Manufacture of furniture

32 – Other manufacturing

33 – Repair and installation of machinery and equipment

D. Electricity; gas, steam and air conditioning supply

35 – Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply

E. Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities

36 – Water collection, treatment and supply

37 – Sewerage

38 – Waste collection, treatment and disposal activities; materials recovery

39 – Remediation activities and other waste management services

F. Construction

41 – Construction of buildings

42 – Civil engineering

43 – Specialized construction activities

G. Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles

45 – Wholesale and retail trade and repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles

46 – Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles

47 – Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles

H. Transportation and storage

49 – Land transport and transport via pipelines

50 – Water transport

51 – Air transport

52 – Warehousing and support activities for transportation

53 – Postal and courier activities

I. Accommodation and food service activities

55 – Accommodation

56 – Food and beverage service activities

J. Information and communication

58 – Publishing activities

59 – Motion picture, video and television programme production, sound recording and music publishing activities

60 – Programming and broadcasting activities

61 – Telecommunications

62 – Computer programming, consultancy and related activities

63 – Information service activities

K. Financial and insurance activities

64 – Financial service activities, except insurance and pension funding

65 – Insurance, reinsurance and pension funding, except compulsory social security

66 – Activities auxiliary to financial service and insurance activities

L. Real estate activities

68 – Real estate activities

M. Professional, scientific and technical activities

69 – Legal and accounting activities

70 – Activities of head offices; management consultancy activities

71 – Architectural and engineering activities; technical testing and analysis

72 – Scientific research and development

73 – Advertising and market research

74 – Other professional, scientific and technical activities

75 – Veterinary activities

N. Administrative and support service activities

77 – Rental and leasing activities

78 – Employment activities

79 – Travel agency, tour operator, reservation service and related activities

80 – Security and investigation activities

81 – Services to buildings and landscape activities

82 – Office administrative, office support and other business support activities

O. Public administration and defence; compulsory social security

84 – Public administration and defence; compulsory social security

P. Education

85 – Education

Q. Human health and social work activities

86 – Human health activities

87 – Residential care activities

88 – Social work activities without accommodation

R. Arts, entertainment and recreation

90 – Creative, arts and entertainment activities

91 – Libraries, archives, museums and other cultural activities

92 – Gambling and betting activities

93 – Sports activities and amusement and recreation activities

S. Other service activities

94 – Activities of membership organizations

95 – Repair of computers and personal and household goods

96 – Other personal service activities

T. Activities of households as employers; undifferentiated goods- and services-producing activities of households for own use

97 – Activities of households as employers of domestic personnel

98 – Undifferentiated goods- and services-producing activities of private households for own use

U. Activities of extraterritorial organizations and bodies

99 – Activities of extraterritorial organizations and bodies
Not elsewhere classified

X. Not elsewhere classified